The Bioneuro Therapy System Sigma Q (ΣQ®) Diagnostic Roller, is a very valuable Diagnostic tool it is used to locate the areas of nerve dysfunction in the muscle groups of the body, where for what ever reason the muscle group is not firing, people call them” Hot spots, trigger points, knots,” what ever they are called the fact is that the Neuro messages /signals are not getting through and for muscles to function correctly, these messages need to get through.
These messengers or for their correct name Neurotransmitters react to aid functions of muscle, these are a type of chemical messenger which transmit signals across a chemical Synapse (this is the Junctions between two nerve cells, such as a Neuromuscular junction, from one Motor neuron (or nerve cell to another nerve cell ) or another Motor neuron, or to a target neuron in the muscle cell, or gland cell.
When this process is disrupted and the signals do not get through, function, and ability of muscles to work with pain free movement becomes difficult.
So how does the Roller do its job to such a degree ?
We know that Neuropathic pain is caused by damage to the neurons that are involved in the pain signalling pathways in the nervous system and nerves react to static when they are not firing correctly,
Nociceptors are the sensors of the Pain Pathway, these receptors are in every tissue of the body except the brain, when injury occurs Nociceptors are activated and chemical are released such as prostaglandins kinins and potassium ions , these then stimulate the Nociceptors,
Pain can persist even after these pain producing stimulus have been removed, because these chemicals linger and the Nociceptors do not adapt very quickly once activated.
This can cause prolonged muscle contraction muscle spasms even Ischaemia ( this is inadequate blood flow to muscles or organs.)
So by using Nociception, to follow the Pain Pathway back, through the sensory nerve cells called Nociceptors, that in turn produce the signal that travels along a chain of nerve fibres via the spinal cord to the brain and the Nociceptors that are affecting the nerves, that are creating the obstructions, which sense and respond to parts of the body which have suffered from damage.
With the aid of the Roller tool and the ability of the Bioneuro Sigma Q, we can find the exact location of the dysfunction created by the trauma pathology.